Solar panels, also known as photovoltaic cells, are devices that convert sunlight into electricity. Today, solar power is commonly used for domestic and for business purposes.
The development of technology has made it feasible to create solar energy equipment at low price. The modern equipment is more efficient than the previous ones.
There’s a massive progress in this technology – Crystalline solar panels, Thin film technology, and Multi-junction technologies are believed to be the very best actors in power generation. We’ll read more about these technologies in this report.
Crystalline solar panels:
They’re made from silicon and are based on the arrangement of silicon crystals. There are two forms of crystalline solar panels – Mono-crystalline and Poly-crystalline.
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These are the most effective and broadly used solar panels. They’re made using a single coating of silicon. A square meter mono-crystalline panel may create 110-220 watts of power. These panels are more dependable as their lifetime ranges between 10-30 decades.
The operation of mono-crystalline panels is best during low and high light conditions. They’re 11-22% effective in harvesting power. They need low maintenance and are simple to replace small roof or area. The drawback of this technology is its price. Though it’s made of silicon (sand), purifying cost of this mineral makes it highly pricey.
Poly means many. Poly-crystalline solar panels are created using different crystals. Various kinds of crystals have been fused together to make a single device. A square meter poly-crystalline panel can harvest 120-130 volt electricity. Manufacturing cost is extremely low and this is the least expensive source of solar power.
Panels are 13.5% effective in energy conversion. Poly-crystalline panels need less space than mono-crystalline to set up on the roof. The only drawback is their less efficacy when compared to mono-crystalline solar panels.